Various Treatments For Flat Feet

1 – Orthopedic treatment:

Is to make insoles or heel cock are support systems for young children about 4yrs and shoes with reinforced shaft.

2 – Treatment physiotherapy:

Much of this type of foot gradually corrects itself, the treatment will be undertaken only from 4years and severe forms. Physiotherapy treatment is based on: the first important point is the analytic movement of muscles following:

First tibialis posterior.
2nd place in the first extensor.
3rd place in the tibialis anterior peroneal.
In fourth place triceps surae.
Make sure the balance of muscular balance.
Functional exercises:

  • Grip balls and objects with round toes.
  • Grasping pencils.
  • Walking on tiptoe.
  • Walking on an inclined plane.
  • Walking on uneven ground.
  • Posture fox trap.
  • Play with the balls.

b-valgus flat foot congénible: see flat foot.

  • Foot eversion and abduction.
  • Characters:
  • Calcaneal valgus
  • Toughness passive.
  • It is an uncommon foot which treatment is mainly surgical is around the age of 5 years.

1 – Orthopedic treatment:

In mild forms we proceed in the same way as in the previous cases.

2 – Treatment postoperative physiotherapy:

The main surgical methods are proposed:

Thénodèse, osteotomy transplantation.
Astragalus under arthroscopic technique which is equal to the introduction of a bone graft or implant in the artificial sinus tarsi.
Back in the saddle of the astragalus, or call transaction jumper or face county where the surgeon releases the astragalus repositions correctly and fixed temporarily by the talo calcaneal screw.
Usually after surgery of cast immobilization for six weeks is required, in which we must make a static muscle movement of the foot.

After the plaster:

Trophic scar massage.

First active progressive mobilization helped then active, then the passive soft tibio tarsal joints of the foot and four (be very careful with screwed joints).
Building muscle in a gentle and progressive of all foot muscles in the order of importance as in the case above.
Progressive loading after eight weeks.
Correction of walking.
Radiological monitoring to ensure proper consolidation and strengthening.
c-foot flat synostosis:

Is a foot whose treatment depends on the condition causal ie BMI, Polio then take care of the foot.
-The types of flatfoot in adolescents and adults:
We simply rééducables feet.

a-flexible flat foot: foot is characterized by
The collapse of the longitudinal arch internally.
Or valgus and the rear plate.
Functional disorders.
And pain.
This distortion can be corrected actively, we see this type during the period of functional disorders or pain episode appear only in the evening and during the big foot fatigue.

1 – physiotherapy treatment:

It will be long (long).
The exercises will be practicing two:
Physiotherapy treatments that are commonplace foot in children.

2 – Orthopedic treatment:

It is associated with physiotherapy treatment.
It will be wearing good shoes and orthopedic shoes and suitable individual dualized.

b-flat foot contractured:

Characterized by:

  • Retraction of the extensor muscles (extensor muscles).
  • Pain on exertion.
  • The same characters as flat foot simple.
  • It is a painful foot: it is a result of the flexible flat foot as a result of trauma or sprain therefore reached rheumatic contractures are more or less general deformations can not be corrected actively and pains are stated at the lower effort.

Physiotherapy treatment:

  • Electrotherapy.
  • U.S. airwaves.
  • Thermotherapy.
  • Rehabilitation of walking.
  • Hygiene advice: wear shoes and treads.
  • Treatment of B-cavus:
  • The cavus is essentially characterized by:
  • An increase in the cavus foot, shortening.

Claw toes In children:

  • Valgus and varus foot hollow hereditary.
  • Cavus nevrologique related dystonia or paralysis caused by spinal deformity (cleft spin).
  • We have central nervous waves (eg polio).

Adolescents and adults:

  • Flexible pes cavus initially the child gradually correct.
  • Flexibility will tend to bind with claw causing corns and calluses.
  • With intense pain at the metacarpal.
  • With ankle instability with recurrent sprains